Indonesia is a country blessed with natural and cultural landscape diversity. The position and geographical shape of Indonesian archipelago, the richness and variety of natural resources in the tropics, as well as the amount of physical isolation in the form of mountains and valleys, water bodies (sea, rivers, swamps, lakes), dense forests and wetland which are sometimes difficult to penetrate, has created a variety of natural landscapes. Indonesia also has a unique and exclusive diversity of cultural landscapes which are highly valuable. This cultural landscape is a form of built landscape which is formed by a cultural value that belongs to a community group that is associated with natural and environmental resources that exist in that place. This type of landscape is the result of interactions between humans and their natural environment that reflected human adaptation as well as their feelings and expressions in using and managing natural and environmental resources that are closely related to their lives. This is expressed by these community groups in the form and pattern of settlements, land use patterns, circulation systems, architectural building and structures, and others.
On the other hand, Indonesia's wealth in the form of high-value and distinctive regions, natural and cultural landscapes has experienced threats, disturbances and often ignored. If it is not managed properly, the area and landscape will be slowly damaged, destroyed and eventually the nation's cultural assets will disappear. Three factors commonly known as causes are natural factors (such as rain, heat, earthquakes, tsunami, overgrown/covered by plants); vandalism due to lack of understanding of the value of objects or cultural areas; and institutions that do not support the preservation of this area or cultural site. This can be seen from, among others, the wrong and incorrect use, changes in land use and urban spatial planning and the development of transportation facilities that are not paying attention to the existence and value of historical areas, and others.
In dealing with various challenges of economic development and problems with the preservation of natural and cultural landscapes as socio-cultural assets (education) and the economy (tourism) of a nation, and harmony in the human environment, Landscape Architects who are members of the Indonesian Society of Landscape Architects (ISLA) also have willingess to care and be responsible. One of the ISLA's efforts and programs is to educate students in the scientific field of Landscape Architecture, in the form of workshops at a student camp (19ILASCamp) in appropriate areas, to live up to the local values of the cultural landscape and design the area without losing local values so that they can remain sustainable. ISLA, who is a member of the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA), also invited Landscape Architecture students from IFLA Asia Pacific Region (14 member countries) to participate in this camp.
The 19ILASCamp activity will be carried out in South Sulawesi Province as a representation of eastern Indonesia, with the aim of disseminating a model of regional development (urban, rural) and tourism based on local resources in the region with a scientific approach to Landscape Architecture. The chosen area is karst area with characteristics and uniqueness that can be seen physically as well as the social community. The selection of South Sulawesi can also act as an event to socialize the landscape architecture profession in this eastern part of Indonesia. It is known, that there are very few numbers of Landscape Architects and colleges that provide this study program. At the same time, development inthis area is "disturbing" the existence of the landscape and the local cultural area that is still running.